A Biography of Emanuel O'Neal

Here's another fine biography by Kenneth O'Neal

Emanuel enlisted in the Army for the Civil War. He mustered in Aug. 29, 1862 in Bedford Co, PA. He was in the 138th Reg Co. D PA. Vols. He was paid for bringing the body of his cousin, Jonathan Snider who was mortally wounded at the battle of Cedar Creek, to Bedford Co, Pa, in November 1864. Johathan was in the same Regt. and company as Emanuel.

138th Regiment Infantry
Organized at Harrisburg August 16, 1862. Moved to Baltimore, Md., August 30, thence to Relay House. Attached to Relay House, Defenses of Baltimore, 8th Corps, Middle Dept., to February, 1863. 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Corps, to June, 1863. Elliott's Command, 8th Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division. 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.
     SERVICE.--Duty at Relay House, Md., until June, 1863. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., June 16. Escort stores to Washington July 1-5. Join Division at Frederick, Md., July 7. Pursuit of Lee July 7-24. Wapping Heights July 23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Brandy Station November 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Dirty at and near Brandy Station until May. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-18.
Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg until July 6. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 6-8. Battle of Monocacy July 9. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill, September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown until December. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg, Va., December. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9.
Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there until May 23. March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D. C.,
May 23-June 3, Corps review June 8. Mustered out June 23, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 90 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 70 Enlisted men by disease. Total 167.

 The History of Bedford ,Somerset, and Fulton Counties by Waterman and Wilkins published in 1884 states on page 381 that Emanuel leased a grist mill from the Adam Zembower family in 1882 on Evitts Creek in Bedford Co.
Emanuel and his family were found in Chaneysville, Wolfsberg, Rainsburg, and Bedford Bro. in PA, and Allegany Co. MD. and Connellsville, Fayette Co., PA. In various census reports. The reason for all the moving I understand is, that he leased mills for two or three years, and as the lease ran out he moved to another mill. According to a deed found in the Fayette Co. PA. courthouse Deed Book 135, page 300, Emanuel bought a 200 + acre farm, known as ''The Oliver Place '', from the Oliver heirs in March of 1895. In the Spring of 1999 I found the foundation of the house Emanuel bought. ( Location of foundation
was learned from Jene Porter, Emanuel's grandson. He remembers being there as a child. ) The property is located at, Casparis in Connellsville Township, Fayette Co. PA. His address at the time he bought the property is listed as Franklin Twp, Fayette Co. PA. I haven't found exactly when Emanuel and his family arrived in Fayette Co.,. I have found in Invalid Pension papers for Army Pension, that Emanuel was living in Owensdale, Fayette Co. PA. in September 20, 1891.

Emanuel suffered from lung and heart disease and Quince, a severe inflammation of the tonsils. His military records show he was disabled in August 1864, while in Halltown, VA , for several weeks, then returned to service.
The Fayette Co. census of 1900 for Connellsville Twp. shows Elizabeth as head of household and sons Charles, Edward, and John H ,daughters Carrie and Etta at home. The census for the same locality shows Elizabeth and her son Charles still living in Connellsville Twp. in 1910. They later moved to South Connellsville, Pa. A short distance away. Charles lived with his mother until she died in 1933.

Emanuel's obituary the Connellsville, PA, Courier February 14, 1898.
EMANUEL O'NEAL a prominent farmer of Connellsville township, aged 65 tears died yesterday and will be buried from his home near Oliver Place tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock. He leaves a wife and a large family of grown up children.

Also in the Uniontown, PA Hearld Standard date February 15, 1898.
O'NEAL
At his home in Connellsville Township, Emanuel O Neal, aged 65 years, Sunday, February 13th aged 65 years. Deceased served in the Civil War in the 138th Pennsylvania Volunteers. He leaves his wife and eight children, five daughters and three sons.

Bedford County Pa Selected Newspaper Articles, From the Everett Republican we learn the following: Emanuel O'Neal, a well known Miller by trade,died recently (Printed July 22, 1898) nearScottsdale. His age was about 65 years. He was a brother of Hezekiah and Barnard, both of Clearville..) was born 1833 in Providence Twsp, Bedford County, Pa., and died February 13, 1898 in Connellseville Twsp. Pa.

 He married ELIZABETH ELLEN ARNOLD January 08, 1857 in Providence Twsp, Bedford County, Pa. (Source: (1) SOURCE #1, Arnold Book Marriages of Reverend Barton A. Cooper, 1822-1898,Clearville, Pa.., (2) Bedford County Pennsylvania Archives, Volume 4, Page 99 Elizabeth Arnold to Emauel O'Neal, 1/8/1857.), daughter of HENRY ARNOLD and MARY REIMUND. She was born November 01, 1838 in Providence Twp; Bedford Co; Pa. (Source: Bob & Karin Rose, BobR3487@aol.com, Obituary # 380 in BU Data Book..), and died April 26, 1933 in South Connellsville , Fayette Co; Pa. (Source: Bob & Karin Rose, BobR3487@aol.com, Obituary # 380 in BU Data Book.).