A Biography of John ONeal, 1670 - 1747

Very little is known about John. The only real sources we have are the will of Peter Lamare and a marriage reference found by Denise ONeal at the LDS Library. John's birthdate is based on his spouse's birthdate of 1670. In the will of Peter Lamare, John is named as Peter's son-in-law, and John's son, Peter ONeale is named as Peter Lamare's Grandson.

For years we have wondered if John was our immigrant ancestor. New evidence suggests that he might not be. In the book REBEL ROSE, LIFE OF ROSE ONEAL GREENHOW, CONFEDERATE SPY by Ishbel Ross, we find the following statement. "As an adult Rose boasted of having Revolutionary blood in her veins. To prove it she traced her Family Tree back to a Roman Catholic Colonist who landed on the Western Shore in 1634." Rose Maria ONeale was the Great, Great Grandaughter of John ONeale. (Rose, John, Laurence, William, John)
If this should prove to be the case we can probably guess that the progenitor of our line in America was John's Father or most probably his Grandfather. I base this statement on John being born in 1670. If John's father was between 20 and 40 when John was born, we can place his birth between 1630 and 1650. This would mean that he either arrived on the Western Shore as a child, or that he was born in America and his father (John's Grandfather) was the colonist who arrived on the western Shore in 1634.

For many years it was believed that Ann Lamare was John's wife. However, if you read Peter's will carefully, you will find  that Ann was not married to John.

See the following excerpts from Peter's will:

...that moveable estate shall be equally divided amongst my (loving) wife Frances Lemare Frances (sic) and my three daughters as namely Ann Lemare and Mary Lemare and Margaret Lemare and that they shall have their equal proportion at the age of sixteen years or on the day of their marriages.......(Note that Peter states here that his daughters Ann, Mary and Margaret are not yet 16 years old or married.)

Then you will find the following passage: .

.. I also give and bequeath unto my Grand Child Peter Owneill.... and that he shall posess and enjoy the same when he shall attain to the age of one and twenty years and also my will and pleasure is that my son in law Jos. Owneill shall possess the said plantation as soon as the said Joseph Edwards lease is expired and that he shall enjoy the same till the said Peter Owneill shall come to the aforesaid age....

Note that this second passage states that Peter Lamare has a son in law, John ONeale, and a grandson, Peter ONeale. I interpret this to mean that Peter had another daughter, who married our John and bore Peter ONeale. Since this daughter was already provided for, Peter did not leave anything to her specifically, and felt no need to mention her in his will.)

Only two childen of John and Miss Lemare have been found so far, they being Peter and William.

I've often wondered why more records don't exist on John. After reading some history of colonial America, it's a little easier to understand. The first real wave of colonists began to arrive in America in about the 1630's. A colinists first concern upon arrival in the New Country was with the day-to-day neccessities of frontier life. Clearing woods, building shelters, providing food for their families, etc. Churches and local governments, places where we go to find information, were few and far between. Then there were other problems, like Indian raids, the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Civil War, etc. During these turbulent times in America's history churches and government offices were oft burned to the ground. After reading about some of the tumoltuous times Maryland went through in the early years, it's somewhat surprising that any records are left.

Below is some information on The Lamare Family.

1) Colonial History c. 1660 Prior to the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (October 17, 1665), four brothers left France in the Mass Exodus of French Hugenots. They came to America seeking religious freedom. The edict [once] granted civil rights to the Hugenots.  The Lamars anticipated this revocation however, and acquired extensive land holdings in England and America by 1663.
The Ancestral home of the Lamar family was near the village of Wirre' not far from Flanders. Two of the four brothers, Thomas and Peter "Lamore" moved to England where they shortly acquired considerable wealth as proven by the Will of Thomas Lamore, probated in Maryland in 1714. Thomas and Peter emmigrated to Virginia but did not stay long enough to be Naturalized. Naturalization was not instituted until 1649, this another act by Lord Baltimore.
Septermber 14, 1663 The Maryland Provincial Assembly approved the petition for "petents de Dennizacon" to Peter and Thomas Lamore of French Descent.
 Novermber 17, 1664, Lord Baltimore, on the 17th of the following November, granted a Certification of Naturalization that is now to be seen in the Annapolis Land Records.  It States, "Whereas Thomas and Peter Lamore, late of Virginia and subject to the Crown of France have transported themselves to this province here to abide; have besaught us to grant the the said Thomas and Peter Lamore leave to here inhabit as free denizens and freedoms land to them and their heirs to purchase.
Know Ye that we, willing to give encouragement to the subjects of the Crown do hereny declare the said Thomas and Peter Lamore to be free dennizens of our Province of Maryland."
 November 8, 1664, Thomas and Peter Lamore were deeded land on the Petauxent River on the South Side and binding upon St. Steven's Creek some 350 Acres. Here they immediatly started to acquire more land and assumed the position as the most prominent and wealthy planters of Calvert County, Maryland.
 Novermber 24, 1665, Thomas Lamore petitions for land such as would compensate the expense of transfering himself and his wife into Maryland.
c. 1697 The Ancestoral name of Lamore is changed to Lamar
 
 

2) Below is a transcript of Peter Lamar's Will.
In the name of God, Amen. That whereas I peter Lamare of this County Calvert and Province of Maryland, planter, being very sick and weak of body but in good health and sound perfect sense and memory, do here make my last will and testament renouncing all other wills before this present item. I give and bequeath... as followeth;...that moveable estate shall be equally divided amongst my (loving) wife Frances Lemare Frances (sic) and my three daughters as namely Ann Lemare and Mary Lemare and Margaret Lemare and that they shall have their equal proportion at the age of sixteen years or on the day of their marriages and also I give and bequeath to my loving wife the plantation whereon we live with all the writes and priveliges thereunto belong during her natural life and after her decease to bo equally divided amongst my three daughters before named my daughter Margaret is to have first choice. I also give and bequeath unto my Grand Child Peter Owneill that plantation with all the land on the western side of that branch whereon now Joseph edwards lives with all rights and priveliges thereunto belonging to him and to his heirs forever and that he shall possess and enjoy the same when he shall attain to the age of one and twenty years and also my will and pleasure is that my son in law Jos. Owneill shall possess the said plantation as soon as the said Joseph Edwards lease is expired and that he shall enjoy the same till the said Peter Owneill shall cometo the aforesaid age and further do I appoint and order my good and so being friends Jo. Davis and Joseph Edwards to be my Trustees and to execute according to this last will and testament and so-Committing all to the allmighty God I have hereunto sett my hand and affixed my seal this 9th day of October 1693-PETER LAMARE mark & seal  signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of us
Tho. T. Person,
Francis Q. Dias,
William Dates

Sources:
1)  Jason H.Lamar: Internet <http://www.access.digex.net/~sigurd/index.html> http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/eleanorcol/LamarFamily.html
2) Kenneth ONeal, Internet kon@hhs.net : Most of the information on LEMAIRE and Owneill is from the research of William Robert ONeal of 2102 N Union Ave. Tacoma, WA 98406 , and Denise ONeal of 317 East Ave. D. East Hutchinson KS 67505.
 
 
 
 

Sources:
1) Maryland State Archives posted on MDGENWEB
2) Archives of Maryland, An Historical List of Public Officials of Maryland, new series, Vol. 1. Annapolis, MD: Maryland State Archives, 1990.
3) Biography of Lawrence ONeal from “Twigg Family Research Pertaining to the Life and Times of Robert and Hannah Twigg” by Jerry Twigg. Contributed for use in USGENWEB Archives by Sharon Banzhoff
4) Donnie Nazelrod donnie@hereintown.net
5) Biography of Lawrence ONeale from "Twigg
6) Land Records posted on USGENWEB compiled by Ed Twigg and members of the Twigg Genealogy Committee.
7) REBEL ROSE, LIFE OF ROSE ONEAL GREENHOW, CONFEDERATE SPY by Ishbel Ross.
8) The ONeal Web Site, The Descendants of John ONeal, John W. ONeal, II <http://www.lor.net/johndortco>
 
 

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