Old Time Occupations Page



Accomptant - Accountant
Almoner- Giver of charity to the needy
Amanuensis - Secretary or stenographer
Artificer - A soldier mechanic who does repairs
Bailie - Bailiff
Baxter - Baker
Bluestocking -  Female writer
Boniface - Keeper of an inn
Brazier - One who works with brass
Brewster - Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith - Metal Worker
Burgonmaster - Mayor
Caulker - One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to make
them watertight by using tar or oakum-hem fiber produced by taking old
ropes apart.
Chaisemaker - Carriage maker
Chandler - Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of
groceries, ship supplier
Chiffonnier - Wig maker
Clark - Clerk
Clerk - Clergyman, cleric
Clicker - The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite
customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the
compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who
makes eyelet holes
in boots using a machine which clicked.
Cohen - Priest
Collier - Coal miner
Colporteur -  Peddler of books
Cooper - One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops,such as
casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Cordwainer - Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from
Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
Costermonger - Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Crocker - Potter
Crowner - Coroner
Currier - One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb;one who
tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease
Docker - Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
Dowser - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper - A dealer in dry goods
Drayman - One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for
heavy loads
Dresser-  A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
Drover - One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in
Duffer - Peddler
Factor - Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business
Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate.
Farrier - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Faulkner-  Falconer
Fellmonger - One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for
leather making
Fletcher - One who made bows and arrows
Fuller - One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth
heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth
Gaoler - A keeper of the goal, a jailer
Glazier - Window glassmanHacker - Maker of hoes
Hatcheler - One who combed out or carded flax
Haymonger - Dealer in hay
Hayward - Keeper of fences
Higgler - Itinerant peddler
Hillier - Roof tiler
Hind-  A farm laborer
Holster - A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
Hooker - Reaper
Hooper - One who made hoops for casks and barrels
Huckster - Sells small wares
Husbandman - A farmer who cultivated the land
Jagger - Fish peddler
Journeyman - One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his
craft,not bound to
serve a master, but hired by the day.
Joyner / Joiner - A skilled carpenter

Keeler - Bargeman
Kempster - Wool comber
Lardner - Keeper of the cupboard
Lather - Installer of lath strips in old-time walls
Lavender - Washer woman
Lederer - Leather maker
Leech - PhysicianLongshoreman - Stevedore
Lormer - Maker of horse gear
Malender - Farmer
Maltster - Brewer
Manciple - A steward
Mason - Bricklayer
Mintmaster - One who issued local currency
Monger - Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner - Teamster
Neatherder - Herds cows
Ordinary Keeper-  Innkeeper with fixed prices
Pattern Maker - A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a
wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end
Peregrinator - Itinerant wanderer
Peruker - A wig maker
Pettifogger - A shyster lawyer
Pigman - Crockery dealer
Plumber - One who applied sheet lead for roofing andset lead frames for
plain or stained glass windows.
Porter - Door keeper
Puddler - Wrought iron worker
Quarrier-  Quarry worker
Rigger - Hoist tackle worker
Ripper - Seller of fish
Roper - Maker of rope or nets
Saddler - One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings
Sawbones- Physician
Sawyer - One who saws; carpenter
Schumacker - Shoemaker
Scribler - A minor or worthless author
Scrivener - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
Scrutiner - Election judge
Shrieve / SheriffSlater - Roofer
Slopseller- Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat / Snob - One who repaired shoes
Sorter - Tailor
Spinster - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
Spurrer - Maker of spurs
Squire - Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace
Stuff gown - Junior barrister
Stuff gownsman - Junior barrister
Supercargo - Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the
commercial concerns of the ship.
Tanner - One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley - One who puts the tap in an ale cask
Tasker - Reaper
Teamster - One who drives a team for hauling
Thatcher - Roofer
Tide waiter - Customs inspector
Tinker - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
Tipstaff - Policeman
Travers - Toll bridge collection
Tucker - Cleaner of cloth goods
Turner - A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles
Victualer - A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army,navy, or ship
Vulcan - Blacksmith
Wagoner - Teamster not for hire
Wainwright - Wagon maker
Waiter - Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to
collect duty on goods brought in.
Waterman - Boatman who plies for hire
Webster - Operator of looms
Wharfinger - Owner of a wharf
Wheelwright - One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages,etc.
Whitesmith - Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work
Whitewing - Street sweeper
Whitster - Bleach of cloth
Wright - Workman, especially a construction worker
Yeoman - Farmer who owns his own land

Source: QUOTE  "Compiled by Dan Burrows - dburrows1@juno.com "I put these 130 items together from many sources and used it as a handout for our local Orange County (NY) Genealogical Society.  I was asked by many recipients if the CHART could be forwarded to other lists or used in local newsletters. The answer is yes - please share this information." Dan Burrows"